If you’re a person whose mother-tongue is not English, the chances are, you’ve learnt English in the ‘non-natural way’. That is, you’ve learnt English in a way that is opposite to the way of natural language acquisition. You know, the natural way of acquiring a language is to learn to speak it first and then to write it.
Those people who do not learn English the natural way, know reasonable English – or even excellent English. And if you ask them to write a report or something in English, they may do it fairly well. But, if you ask them to speak to you about the same thing, they find it hard to do. Or even impossible
Vowels are formed by retraction of the back of the tongue, as in ‘father’ by advancing the front of the tongue, as in ‘bit’ or else they are mixed, as in ‘bird’, in which the tongue is in a position half-way between back and front. By height they are high, as in ‘hit’, mid, as in ‘hate’ or low, as in ‘hat’.
The vowels of these three words are all front, but the distinctions of height apply to back and mixed vowels as well. Thus the u of ‘full’ is high-back, just as that of ‘hit’ is high front.
All these vowels may be further modified by labialization or rounding. Thus, if the eye of ‘feel’ is pronounced with narrowed lip-opening, we obtain the French u in clone’ – the high-front-round. There are besides other modifications caused by the shape of the tongue itself.
Word stress is your magic key to understanding spoken English. Native speakers of English use word stress naturally. Word stress is so natural for them that they don’t even know they use it. Nonnative speakers who speak English to native speakers without using word stress, encounter two problems:
- They find it difficult to understand native speakers, especially those speaking fast.
- The native speakers may feed it difficult to understand them.
Using dialogues to help anybody develop their conversation skills is common practice in English. One of the main advantages to using dialogues is that people are given a rubric as a basis on which they can then build.
Once they have become confinable using a dialogue, they can then go on to have related conversations building on their familiarity with the dialogue and the vocabulary specific to the situation. Here are links to various dialogues, which can use in the daily life. Each dialogue is presented in full and focuses on a specific topic.
While speaking people make common errors. To help you avoid those common errors below arc given some examples. These will help you to avoid the common pitfalls.
A tongue-twister is a sequence of words that is difficult to pronounce quickly and correctly. Even native English speakers famed the tongue-twisters on this page difficult to say quickly. Try them yourself. Try to say them as fast as possible, but correctly!
s, and of new or extended meanings attached to established terms. Slang develops from the attempt to find fresh and vigorous, colorful, pungent or humorous expression and generally either passes into disuse or comes to have a more formal status. Slangs are used as an informal speech and make the language more user friendly. It makes spoken English more colorful and helps you express your thoughts in a better manner. Examples of some common slangs, along with their meanings and examples are given below: